In 2010, the Louisiana legislature adopted the Louisiana Physician Orders
for Scope of Treatment (LaPOST) form. The LaPOST form is a document stating
the desires of a qualified patient in a physician order. The form is signed
by the patient and his physician and is used as a means to help individuals
to consider the type of care they would want if they became seriously
ill or incapacitated. The LaPOST form encourages a person to talk to their
family members or legal representative about such issues. The form is
executed by the patient and his physician to set forth various treatment
options and goals for the patient if such an event occurs.
The legislation states that LaPOST does not condone, authorize or approve
of mercy killing, euthanasia or permits any affirmative or deliberate
act of omission to end life other than to allow the natural process of
dying. The LaPOST forms are immediately actionable, signed physician orders
that address a range of life supporting interventions as well as the patients
preferred treatment for each intervention using a clearly identifiable
form that is recognized, adopted and honored across treatment settings.
The form is completely permissive and voluntary. It is not a living will
and does not have to comply with the statutory requirements for a living will.
Under the LaPOST legislation, a healthcare provider, physician or an emergency
medical technician is immune from civil, criminal and professional liability
for withholding life-sustaining procedures from a patient with a duly
executed LaPOST form. Likewise, no emergency medical technician or certified
first responder is liable for administering life-sustaining procedures
if there is no reasonable means that he or she could know or should have
known that the patient had a duly executed LaPOST form.
To view or print the LaPOST form,